ABC2020-Are Gender Myths True.
We're going to say loudly and clearly men and women are not just the same. We are different and that's not just my opinion. That's right John. I'll back you up on this one. Because there is actually scientific evidence of the differences between us. And we're not talking about the obvious physical differences. We're talking about all the things we've been brought up to believe about each other. Like women talk more than men, and men don't listen. Women can't read maps. Men snore more. Are these true or are these myths? How different are we?"I think we turn right here." "I don't." "Well, I do. Wait a minute. I'll check it on the map."We joke about the differences like "Are women less able to read maps?""I don't think this map shows where we are at all!"And of course, we've all heard that men just won't ask for directions."We can ask this guy." "He doesn't know where we're going."And it turns out there is science that says, 'yes, we are different.'"Yes!" "No, No. We shouldn't be going this way." "Yes, we should."At the University of Rochester, students were blindfolded and led like this through this maze of tunnels that runs underneath the campus. The experimenter stayed behind them and guided them with a tap on the shoulders, so they wouldn't run into anyone. When the women were then asked where a college building was, "Would you tell me where Wilson Commons is?"They rarely knew. "That way."Men, however, have a better sense of spacial relations. Most knew roughly where they were. "Go through the next doors, take a left, and a right. Then a left."By contrast, in York University in Toronto, students were asked to wait in the cluttered room. After two minutes, the experimenter moved them to another room and asked, "Tell me every object in the room that you can remember."In the middle, there was envelopes, York University envelopes. There was a thingof clerosel,.. " Women typically gave incredibly detailed answers. "A thing of perfume. There were scissors and a stapler here."The men were more likely to say, 'I don't know. There was some stuff there.'"I don't have a very good memory."But, many women go on and on."..two postcards, one was a family picture, one was a postcard."Why are there differences like that?Or, say, more men at the top levels of science. Is it because of sexism? Or, is it inborn, caused by the bath of testosterone boys get in the womb. Former Kinsey Institute director June Reiner studied data on thousands of baby girls and boys, and she concludes there are just inborn differences.
"Girls sat up without squat earlier than boys did. Boys crawled independently away from their caretaker earlier than girls." Still, one could argue that even those differences happen because of some early sexist parenting. But how do you explain behavior differences in newborns. "Well, when they look at babies in the first 72 hours of life, they find that males and females are not identical in the way they behave. Males startle more than females, and females rhythmically mouth. They suck on their tongues, they move their lips and so forth more than males do." Could this explain our myths? We keep hearing. Men don't listen. "Men say Aha, and yeah, and ... men aren't really paying attention." "I need to say, "Michael! Look at me!" If it is really important and I need to get his full attention." "The male brain actually has a hard time processing the female voice versus the male voice, which is a possible explanation to why we don't listen when our wives call us." Dr. Billy Goldburg and Mark Leider, the co-authors of "Why do men fall asleep after sex?" They say it's true that men listen less. It's biology. "Male babies make less eye contact, for instance, with their mothers than female babies. So, what we are talking about are different ways of relating to people that start at the earliest possible age. "So, I can say, "Honey, it's not my fault. It's my brain?" "I'd like to use that excuse." On to the title of their book. "Why do men fall asleep after sex?" "Science has not figured this one out. It could be that men are more often having orgasms during sex than women." "But, you picked this as the title of your book? It got us here, didn't it?" Here's another of their questions. "Do women have the Adam's Apples?" "I don't know. I don't think so. I hope mine isn't showing if I have one." "Why don't women have Adam's Apples?" "Well, that's another of these myths and there's something. Women do have Adam's Apple. They're less prominent than men's. Adam's Apples are basically thyroid cartilage, which everyone has. Testosterone causes it to enlarge. "Meg Ryan, Sandra Bullock, they've said, have larger Adam's Apple." "I never thought a woman can have one, but until I saw Nick Hilten." Or Ann Corter. "So, does it mean anything? Does the woman have more testosterone?" "It doesn't reflect on the testosterone level. Some people develop annotomically different and just happen to have a more prominent Adam's Apple. On to snoring. We taped these guys in a sleep lab. Who snores more, men or woman? "Men." "Women." "He snores quietly. That's he doesn't hear it though." But the answer is men do snore more than women. "And there is a couple of reasons for that. One reason is that men tend to drink and smoke more, and that leads to more snoring. Women actually have a wider airway circumference. And that decreases the amount they snore. Also, when men gain weight, they tend to get it around their neck. And weight around the neck also increases snoring." I covered more on these gender myths in our 2020 book about myths, like, is it true that men cheat much more than women? "Oh, men definitely cheat more. Don't cheat, please." "But, who do you think cheats more often?" "Oh, no." "Come on, men are pigs." Well, some are but the cheating difference is now slight. The current research says eighty percent women remain faithful to their husbands while 65 to 85 percent of men are faithful. Women are catching up. "Women are becoming more and more open to having affairs." And how about driving? Is it a myth that women are worse drivers than men? We men claim we are better. "Men are better drivers I think. Because it's a mechanical thing. And I think a mechanical thing favors men over women." The jury is still out on whether men are better at the mechanical skill. But when it comes to safe driving. "Women, without a doubt." She is right. And why? "I think men are more impatient on the road." Bingo! You can even see it in the faces of men we taped in traffic. It's probably why men are much more likely to get into accidents, killing ourselves and others. Men speed more, drive drunk and have twice as many fatal crashes as women.
A World Health Organization study says masculinity may be hazardous to health. And that's clearly true. The Internet is full of videos of men's risky behavior. Many studies show that men, especially young ones, take more risks than women. It's a reason women live longer. " The nursing homes are full of women." Is it just because of the reckless behavior? "If you took that part out," "Would men live as long as women? "I think you took that testosterone out of the equation, it would create.." "It begins to even the playing field but still have heart disease, so heart disease tends to be the big factor that makes men die earlier. Even once you get beyond the traumatic injuries." Another reason is evolution, they say. "Women are evolutionarily around to prolong the species. They need to raise our children and to have our children." "Men are basically sperm dispensing machines. Once they've done that, they are not as necessary." Of course, it's always bad to generalize. "Kill!!" "People are very afraid to say that men and women are different." Different - that mean one is better. And many people don't want to hear that. But here's how the doctor puts it. "There are differences, that are genetics and those don't necessarily mean that we are different and bad, that means we're different and good
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